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Pronouns

Instead of having a separate pronoun such as it to refer to things, French uses il (he, it) to replace masculine nouns and elle (she, it) to replace feminine nouns.

The book is black. It is black.
Le livre est noir. Il est noir.

The tomato is red. It is red.
La tomate est rouge. Elle est rouge

Plural nouns follow the same pattern.

The bananas are yellow. They are yellow.
Les bananas sont jaunes. Elles sont jaunes.

The pencils are green. They are green.
Les crayons sont verts. Ils sont verts.

Notice that the colour words must be plural if the noun that they describe is plural!


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